Wang Mang (Chinese: 王莽, c. 45 BC – 6 October 23 AD), courtesy name Jujun (巨君), was a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin (or Hsin, meaning "renewed"[1]) dynasty (新朝), ruling 9–23 AD. The Han dynasty was restored after his overthrow. The Han administration was restored in 25 CE when Liu Xiu (Emperor Guangwu) took the throne. Wang's reforms have been said to be a foreshadowing of socialism.[2] Wang was also known for having only a single wife, Lady Wang, and no concubines.


  1. Goodrich, Chauncey S. (July 1957). "The Reign of Wang Mang: Hsin or New?". Oriens. Leiden: Brill. 10 (1): 114–8. doi:10.2307/1578760.
  2. Dash, Mike (December 9, 2011). "Emperor Wang Mang: China's First Socialist". Past Imperfect blog. Smithsonian magazine. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
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