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Mecca is a city in the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia.[1] It is the capital of that kingdom's Makkah Region. The city is located 70 km inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 miles above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the hajj ("pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah.

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