First European exploration by Jacques Cartier of France (1534on), though Basque fishers and whalers visited Newfoundland island from 1525.

L'Anse aux Meadows (Cove of jelly-fish) on Newfoundland was used by Vikings around 1000.

It's also possible that Vikings explored the frozen north (modern 'Nunavut') as far as Baffin island.

Jacques Cartier made 3 voyages to Canada between 1534-9 and explored the St Laurence River/Fleuve St.-Laurent, Prince Edward Island and the iroquois village of Hochelaga, site of the modern Montréal (Mons Realis).

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