The following is a list of Hamitic races that was proposed in 1930. Although the particulars of the Eastern Hamitic and Western Hamitic groupings varied, they were listed this way:[1]

  • Western Hamites
    • Berbers – Hamitic autochthones of the Maghreb and parts of the Nile Valley. Descended from the Meshwesh, Tehenu and other Ancient Libyan tribes.[2]
    • Guanches – Berber-speaking natives of the Canary Islands. Although now extinct, left behind a number of descendants on the archipelago.[2]
    • Maghrebis – Berber indigenes of the non-rural Maghreb. Descended from the Ancient Libyan tribes, but adopted Arabian genealogies and the Arabic language with the spread of Islam during the Middle Ages.[2]
    • Moors – Arabic-speaking Berber natives of the Western Sahara.[2]
    • Tuareg – Technically a Berber population of the Sahara and southern Maghreb. However, distinguished by a more pronounced dolichocephaly and greater height. Only Berber group to preserve the ancient Libyco-Berber writing script, known today as Tifinagh.[2]
  • Eastern Hamites
    • Abyssinians – Hamitic inhabitants of the Ethiopian and Eritrean highlands. Essentially Semiticized Agaws.[1]
    • Afar – Cushitic-speaking Hamitic population of the Horn region. Also known as the Danakil.[1]
    • Agaw – Root Hamitic stock of northern and central Ethiopia. Speak the original Cushitic languages of the Abyssinians.[1]
    • Beja – Cushitic-speaking Hamitic confederation inhabiting Eritrea, Sudan and Egypt. An ancient population, they are attested on temple murals as early as the Twelfth Dynasty.[3]
    • Egyptians – Descendants of the Hamitic ancient Egyptians. This pharaonic heritage is most salient among the Copts and Fellahin, with the Coptic language representing a variety of the old Egyptian language.[2]
    • Oromo – Cushitic-speaking Hamitic inhabitants of Ethiopia and environs. Also known as the Galla, they are believed to have introduced many cultural and lexical elements to communities in the Great Lakes region to the south.[1]
    • Nubians – Descendants of the Hamitic populations of ancient Nubia, such as the makers of the A-Group, C-Group and Kerma cultures. In later times, they adopted the Nilo-Saharan (Nobiin) lingua franca of the local Sudanese market towns.[3]
    • Somalis – Hamitic inhabitants of the Horn. Descended from the Cushitic-speaking natives of the ancient Barbara region.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Seligman, Charles Gabriel (1930). The Races of Africa. Thornton Butterworth, Ltd.. Retrieved on 27 July 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Coon, Carleton (1939). The Races of Europe. The Macmillan Company. Retrieved on 27 July 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Some Aspects of the Hamitic Problem in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan" (July–December 1913). Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 43: 593–705. doi:10.2307/2843546. 
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