Elam was an ancient Iranian civilisation in the far West and Southwest parts of modern-day Iran. The borders stretched from the lowlands of what is now known today as Khuzestan and Ilam province and a small part of southern Iraq. Elam's name originates from the Sumerian transliteration elam(a) with the later Akkadian elamtu and the Elamite haltamti. Elamite states were leading political forces of the Ancient Near East. People who read classical literature would refer Elam as Susiana which its name is derived from the capital of Elam, Susa.