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Charles III Philip (German: Karl III. Philipp) (4 November 1661 - 31 December 1742) was the Elector Palatine from 1716 until 1742.

LifeEdit

Charles Philip was born in Neuburg in 1661 as a son of Philip William, Elector Palatine. As a younger son, Charles Philip was intended to become a member of the clergy. By the age of 14 he became a member of the Cathedral of Cologne, and he also joined the cathedrals of Salzburg (1677) and Mainz (1679). In 1684 he terminated his career and entered the service of the Holy Roman Empire. From 1691 until 1694 he served as a general field marshall in the Turkish Wars. In 1712 he was appointed a governor in Further Austria at Innsbruck. After the death of his brother John William in 1716, Charles Philip succeeded him as Elector Palatine although he only arrived in Heidelberg in 1720.

Raised and living as a staunch Catholic, he quickly came into conflict with the Protestant court of the Palatinate. He attempted to forbid the Heidelberg Catechism and attempted to convert the Church of the Holy Spirit into a Catholic church and burial place for members of the House of Wittelsbach. Still in 1720 he moved the capital of the Palatinate from Heidelberg to Mannheim, and the first foundation stone was laid later in the year. He inherited several territories of other members of the Wittelsbachs, and attempted to unify them into a stronger and more centralised state. On 17 January 1742 his reign was culminated in the double wedding of Elizabeth Augusta with Charles Theodore and Maria Anne with Clemens Francis. Because of these far-sighted politics he is considered the most important member of the House of Wittelsbach in the first half of the 18th Century.

Charles Philip died in Mannheim in 1742 and was buried in the castle chapel of the city.

MarriageEdit

Charles Philip married Louise Charlotte of Radziwill (27 February 1667 - 23 March 1695), daughter of Duke Bogislav, on 10 August 1688 and had the following children:

  1. Leopoldine Eleonore Josephine (27 December 1689 - 8 March 1693)
  2. Maria Anne (7 December 1690 - 1692)
  3. Elizabeth Augusta (17 March 1693 - 30 January 1728)
  4. unnamed (22 March 1695)

Charles Philip married Theresa Katherine of Ostrog (1683 - 17 January 1712), daughter of Prince Joseph Charles Lubomirsky, on 15 December 1701 and had the following children:

  1. Theophile Elizabeth Francisca (13 November 1703 - 31 January 1705)
  2. Anne Elizabeth Theophile (9 June 1709 - 10 February 1712)

Charles Philip married Violanthe Theresa of Thurn and Taxis (1 April 1683 - 2 November 1734). The marriage remained childless.

Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Born: 1661 Died: 1742
Preceded by
John William
Duke of Jülich and Berg
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Elector Palatine

1716–1742
Succeeded by
Charles Theodore
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