Canada, formally known as the Dominion of Canada, a title rarely used, is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.
Canadian aboriginals have inhabited Canada since at least 24 500 BC (in the northern regions). They were undisturbed until around 1000 AD, when Vikings came from overseas to L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland. They did not stay for long, and for almost 500 years, Canada was inhabited only by the Aboriginals. in 1497, John Cabot, an Italian sailor, came to Canada's Atlantic regions. This started Europeans flocking to Canada for land.
Politics and GovernmentEdit
PM: Mr Steven Harper (Calgary), Conservative, since 2006. Official opposition: NDP (socialist)